Tuesday, April 30, 2019
Lessening Secondhand Smoke on Children - Research root Exampleentable deaths around the world and exposure to environmental tobacco plant smoke has some adverse cause on the mess adoption of strategies to reduce this form of some would include the following interventions.Creating smoking bans and restrictions indoors certain places. This would involve the implementation of policies and regulations which are aimed at limiting or controlling the use of tobacco within designated areas. These approaches are strongly issuingive based on the scientific evidence regarding exposure to ETS. This as well has some effects on reducing the amount of smoke within the environment since some people become deterred from smoking.Conducting community education among the parents and teachers about the relevance of reducing smoking. This will be undertaken in seeking to create awareness on the various individuals, including children, regarding the positive outcomes of reduced smoking. The educatio n intervention with motivate individuals to exchange their smoking behaviours in the effort to reduce the ETS.Tobacco use initiation is described as the behaviours by individuals, who were non-smokers to begin smoking. Different intervention can be undertaken to reduce their initiation and they include the following.Increasing the worth of tobacco products this is a legislative measure which seeks to increase the prices so that people become deterred from using these products. Although in that respect are various factors which affect the possibility of people smoking, the cost factors plays a fundamental role to this effect since people must consider their costs.Mass media campaigns these can be combined within other interventions, give care education to the general public. These campaigns are focused at providing information to the general public regarding the importance of financial backing a tobacco free lifestyle. Formative research must be undertaken in order to get a l ine the message which will be delivered in these campaigns and determine the target population for
original Ethics - Essay ExampleIt outlines the implications of such behavior and as well discusses professional etiquette. Implications of Conflicts of Interest Conflict of lodge in in the tender management industry is illegal and whitethorn lead to prosecution of individuals or companies that intentionally benefit from the conflict. It leads to award of tenders with total disregard of merit and because some qualified companies may not thrust a chance to undertake the work that they argon competent in. In most cases, tenders awarded on the basis of conflicts of amour eventually fail or the pass judgment outcome is not realized. According to Worthington & Goldsman (1998), the success of a project depends on the sincerity of the involved parties to come across the needs of stakeholders. Conflicts of interests lead to the pursuance of individual benefits while ignoring public interest. The preferred bidder in such a process may quote low prices and eventually end up requesting f or additional funding with excuses of gritty cost of materials or high inflation thereby increasing the cost of a project. Such bidders be to blame for many projects that have turned in to white elephants, yet there might have been genuine bidders who would have accomplished the work at a lower cost (Keyes, 2004). In an economy, companies that do not win contracts as a result of conflicts of interest may become bankrupt in the long-run (OConnor, 2007). On the other hand, those that ar awarded tenders due to their political influence end up having no competitor and therefore they relax in terms of quality standards. A significant loss is see in the economy with regards to the desired impacts of the project, while on the other hand such practices advertise corruption. Oyer (2005) observes that conflicts of interest in the management of tenders in the Philippines have led to an economic decline that has seen the country being overtaken by Thailand despite of having been ahead of i t in the last five decades. In the economies where conflicts of interest are pronounced, transparency and answerableness are concealed from public scrutiny. To avoid the undesirable consequences of conflicts of interest, those involved in tender management should be thoroughly researched to establish if they are personal interests that may hamper the tendering process. Any relationship between the thickening and bidders needs to be investigated to thwart conflict (Gallagher, 2005). If a person in the tendering process is found to promote conflicts of interest, he/she should be disqualified from participating. In some instances when disqualification of a person is impossible, a conflict of interest can be managed through involving a third party to control the conflict. However, setting up of a jurisprudence of ethics in tender management is the most significant tool to guide the tendering process. This is because if the code of ethics is adhered to, it can promote professional eti quette thereby preventing extra-professional affairs that may cause conflicts of interest (Ferrell & Fraedrich, 2009). Professional Etiquette Professional etiquette is a scheme of rules and principles that standardize social and professional conduct. In any system, there are certain set of rules and behaviors that are recognized to have a positive influence on an organizations strategic objectives. Each position in a bureaucratic organization is guided by principles that are endorsed by
Monday, April 29, 2019
Analysis of the Business Environment - render ExampleThe daring steps in the formulation of the monetary policy have been taken in order to contain the deflation in the boorish. Despite the continuous efforts of the government the yield of the bonds issued by the government of japan has remained more or less static and low. On the other hand the net public debt of the delivery of lacquer is as high as 134 % of the GDP. This is one of the highest aims of public debt divulge of the advanced economies of the world. In such(prenominal) a situation the Abenomics policies of 2013 to bring nigh a surge in the growth rate of the country and to bring about inflation in the country is considered to be having a lot of uncertainty and is unfree on the proper implementation of the strategies. This report is an analysis of the key measures under the policies, the main objectives as intumesce as the long term implications of the policy. Scholarly resources have been consulted extensively in order to conduct the inquiry and to draw appropriate inferences. Discussion Background of the Japanese rescue In the post world state of war period Japan experienced spectacular growth of the economy. During the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s the average rate of the economy had been 10%, 5% and 4% respectively. The country moved to being one of the advanced economies. However, Japan witnessed a burst in the assets bubble in the early 1990s. There was an economic slowdown which resulted in a high level of unemployment in the country. Adding to this there was a huge amount of deficit in the calculate which occurred due to the ventures of the government to finance the projects related to public works in the country. However the stagnation in the economy could in no way be stimulated by the different infrastructure projects. In order to battle such an economic situation the Japanese government took policy measures that would take out the speculative part of the surplus liquidity from the stock markets as well as the real realm markets. These policies led the country into a phase of intensive deflation during the phase of 1990 to 2004 (Arslanalp and Lam, 2013, pp. 12-16). Due to the policies the economy recovered at one time again but the deflation still persisted. At the time of the financial crisis which had hit almost all the countries of the world, Japan experienced a loss in the level of GDP by 0.7% in the year 2008 and about 5.2% in the year 2009. On the other hand the growth rate of GDP of the country was prejudicial in 2009. The volume of international trade in the country also suffered a decline of 27%. Key policies under Abenomics The policies under Abenomics comprise of mainly three strategies which are better known as the three arrows (Itoh, 2013, pp. 2-3). The three pillars are Bold monetary policy Flexibility in the Fiscal polity Strategy to induce growth The Prime Minister intend to take a bold monetary policy through the introduction of quantitat ive easing as well as increasing the level of spending on the public expenditure along with the attempt to devalue yen. The Bank of Japan intended to undertake a strategy of Quantitative Easing through this policy. The bank would be buying assets from the lax market worth $ 1.4 trillion so that the money
Sunday, April 28, 2019
Case Study ExampleThe advent of the internet has enabled the book publishers as well as book retail stores like B&N to sell e-books, devices to read them on, and apps that improve the reading experience. The publication companies have been forced to commence releasing books as apps in addition to physical books. Book apps argon adding new features, such(prenominal) as flip through photo albums, image enlargement, listen to music characters indoors the book, and read instant messages. The online booksellers as well as e-books do not have overhead costs. pastime Porters value chain analysis, the primary activities are directly associated with physical creation, sale and support of the product (Porters, 2006). They make of inbound logistics are processes related to receiving, storing and distributing inputs internally. The publishers print the books and store them internally operations involve the activities that change inputs into outputs interchange to consumers. This entails trans formation of content to digital form outbound logistics entails delivering the product to the customer. This is usually attained through apps market and sales of e-books has been very competitive with firms like amazon and B&N outdoing each other operate involves maintaining the value of the product. The booksellers have ensured that they develop an e-reader, market it, and set manufacturing and retail operations for the device.The publishing industry has been importantly affected by the new market entrants. The major competitors of B&N in the e-selling of books include Google, Amazon and Apple. The publishing companies are investing in resources like Kindle and iPads as delivery platforms for their books. In hostel to gain market share, a company needs to contend with increased competition. In the case of B&N, for them to gain market share and stay afloat they needed to contend with stiff competition from Apple, Google, and Amazon. Competitors such as Amazon aims at eliminating the publishers
Saturday, April 27, 2019
Assignment - Zara CaseQuest Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1
Assignment - Zara CaseQuest - Research Paper ExampleThe focusing at the company understands that the industry is dynamic and many factors continue to drive the change including customer needs and cater. However, supply is second to customer demands. The top management holds that the company must provide what the market demands and not depravity versa (Bower, 2002). Zara has various opportunities and resources that would help the group meet its goals in the process of satisfying clients.The company maintains close management of with tight running of the process of production. To achieve this, Zara maintains two manufacturing and design processes in-house. The only exception is having strategic partnerships situate next to the head offices. Across Europe, the company keeps to a greater extent than eighty percent of its production in-house with Spain having the least at fifty because of being close to the headquarters. Furthermore, the company enters into agreements with local manu facturers to strategically chase the clients appearing elusive. The agreements help in timely delivery of products as well as services. The company maintains flexibility by designing and producing more than twelve thousand new products to the market every year (Casadesus-Masanell, 2006). This is in addition to the benefits emanating from proximity. Application of these strategies makes the incline of chasing to achieve their targets besides satisfying consumer needs. Value chasers are intangible and tangible in terms of benefits have by stakeholders. From the tangible perspectives Inditex that owns Zara operates a net margin of slightly more than eleven percentile both in the market capitalization and operational activities.The working capital in terms of its net is legal running more than one hundred and thirty-three thousand Euros. The exemplary performance in the financial sector demonstrates the prowess of Zara to run business in the industry. Within four years up to the sh epherds crook of the century, the
Friday, April 26, 2019
To what extent is increased legal regulation of the hugger-muggerly rented firmament confirm and desirable - Essay Examplethe lower end of the market, thereby making life more unacceptable for the tenant community.4 In some of the sub-markets that are characterized by a high number of claimants, the impact of this is in particular acute with the landlords being able to set rents at levels that are artificially high to match the topical anaesthetic Housing allowance.5 Furthermore, the security of tenure (of between six and twelve months) availed by private landlords is not adequate for families as well as those who have been shut out of the owner-occupation and affable housing and who have to kick in the private rented sector their only option.The private rented sector has gone through extraordinary revitalization over the last twenty years to become increasingly critical to housing market and the benefit brass considerations.6 Currently, there are approximately over four mi llion houses in England that are privately rented. They write up for about eighteen percent of all the family units.7 The industry has also doubled in magnitude since 1989 darn having more households presently compared to social housing while occupation by owners is on the decline.8 These figures demonstrate the deteriorating affordability of private rented housing that an increasing number of people are forced to use as a progeny of the drop in social housing along with challenges to house ownership.9 All the solutions to the present-day housing disaster have to entail a considerable upsurge in the erection of new houses along with the social industry, but this does not imply that no action can be taken to lessen the relate issues. In the meantime, scarcity is a major defining aspect of the home markets. Furthermore, in London, it remains likely that supply will hardly ever match demand.The above perspective of the U.K.s private rented sector outlines the great importance it pl ays in the lives of people, mainly those living in the urban centres. It is this assumed importance against the extremity to protect the
Thursday, April 25, 2019
Discuss How Service Operations ar Different from Manufacturing Operations - Essay ExampleWaste in the process or fail points atomic number 18 not obvious in go operations that efforts to reduce cost and control quality onward they reach the customer can be very difficult (Wienclaw 2008). This makes the operations of many service lie companies costly with many customers dissatisfied with the service they received. The need to align service delivery in conformism to customer expectations and the market imperative to reduce cost to remain competitive in the market, however, compels the operations of service point industry to adopt and implement manufacturing approaches and systems. By implementing manufacturing approaches and systems, the cost of operations in service oriented companies argon being reduced such as the case of McDonalds as stated in this paper. The instruction execution of quality control system such as Six Sigma also enabled Bank of America not only to increase the level of its customers satisfaction simply also saved the go with $2 billion in expenditures related to areas where Six Sigma was implemented. II. How service operations are different from manufacturing operations. The more or less obvious difference between a service operations and manufacturing operations are the products they produce. Service operations sell service that has no somatogenetic presence while manufacturing operations produces concrete products that has a physical existence. foreign manufacturing operations that produces concrete products whose quality can tardily determined by its specifications, service operations differs from manufacturing operations because its output is often evaluated in terms of customer experience. Activities of a service operation are often based on the quality, speed, competence and courtesy of its delivery that is not easily quantifiable that could be subjected to the relativity of customers experience (Wienclaw 2008). The factor s that determine a good service cannot be easily quantified because of the difficulty of operationally defining what makes a good service delivery. Unlike in manufacturing where fail points in its process can be easily determined and substandard products can be readily rejected before reaching the customer, service operations outputs are subjected to perceptions and expectations of the customer which are relative (Wienclaw 2008). For example, walking by dint of a novice customer in a step by step computer troubleshooting bit may be very helpful that would constitute a good customer service but the same could also be annoying to a technically proficient customer that could affect the boilersuit customer satisfaction. The differences of service operations from manufacturing operations can be categorized in the factors of intangibility, heterogeneity, inseparability and perishability that make run difficult to control and improve. Intangibility plainly, service cannot be recognized by any of the five senses. Unlike in manufacturing operations whose outputs are concrete, services rendered by a service oriented company cannot be seen, touched, smelled, heard, or tasted (Kotler et al. 2004). It can only be
Wednesday, April 24, 2019
International Business Management - Eastern Europe - Essay Example2. The maximum ordinate of Income tax that could be levied after the tax holiday period of 10 years should be dogged at not more than 20 percent of the taxable earnings In addition to receipts of the tax holiday period the developing countries normally offer concessional rates income tax for any join venture arrangements.3. Free conversion and free transferability of funds from and to Hungary to European or US destinations2 Though these facilities were easy at the time of negotiation the Hungarian judicature should make a commitment for the uninterrupted good continuation of these facilities, which is very momentant for the pro moderateable functioning of the join venture arrangement.4. Concessional profession rates on the import of engines and reduction in the VAT (Value Added Tax) being charged by the Hungarian Government The import duty on engines depending on the size of the vehicle varied from 10 to 40 pe rcent and there was an redundant VAT of 25 percent charged by the Hungarian government. Though Hungary is a signatory to the GATT (General organization on Tariffs and Trade) the country was free to vary the duty and VAT structures as it whitethorn deem fit in the case of automobiles. Hence there is the need to get the government committed on the sanctioned duty structures which is advantageous to GM Europe.In addition to the tax incentives it is also important that the Hungarian government should provide staple fibre infrastructural facilities to fac... Hence there is the need to get the government committed on the basic duty structures which is advantageous to GM Europe.(ii) Provision of Infrastructural Facilities In addition to the tax incentives it is also important that the Hungarian government should provide basic infrastructural facilities to facilitate the successful operation of the project. Such infrastructural facilities may include the render of natural gas to the si te in addition to the provision of water, electrical power as may be required, well maintained roads for easy transportation and hassle-free physical movement of engines, components and cars during import and export.(iii) defense from CompetitionIn order to gain a distinct competitive advantage there should be a commitment from the Hungarian government that at least for an initial period of 5 years or so the import of cars needs to be banned. Since the Hungarian market was picayune and the affordability of Hungarian cosmos was also less there is the need for this condition. The country could get other advantages in the form of genesis of additional employment and development of local suppliers which need to be traded against the protection needed by the GM Europe for its joint venture in Hungary. Though at the start, the GM plant would be small the facility could be enlarged with modernizing and restructuring of the economy. This is usually the case with any developing economy w here there be going to be economic reforms the local industry would naturally develop along with the measures for economic reforms.b. Issues to be raised with RABAThe following issues are to be discussed with RABA for possible acceptance as
Tuesday, April 23, 2019
CASE STUDY - strain ExampleOn the other hand, fibrates function by moderately starting timeering the levels of LDL while change magnitude those of high density lipoproteins (HDL) in the plasma, and argon recommended for the treatment of hypoalphalipoproteinemia (Staels et al., 1998). This study highlights the steps undertaken in address assignment and validation to optimize the efficacy and recourse of new drugs. This is exemplified by the effect of statin on low density lipoproteins cholesterol levels in dogs.During drug development process, target identification and validation is important as determines the uprise to be use. It is also important so as to identify any issues about reliability, safety and ethics. In this case, target is a broad term referring to biological objects such as proteins, genes and RNA (Hughes et al., 2011). Methods for target identification includeVarious techniques have been employed in target validation which range from in vitro tools such as cult ured cells and yeast to the use of whole animal models such as invertebrates (Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans), fish, zebra, rats, mice, hierarch and dogs. Modeling of the wanted target in disease patients has also been applied (Hughes et al., 2011). While each approach is valid in its own right, multi-validation approaches that significantly increase confidence levels in the observed outcome are preferred (Hughes et al., 2011).A total of six cohorts of dogs three statin treated and three placebo treated were used in the study. Each cohort comprised of five dogs. The dogs were fed on chow diet for 21 age after the treatment was introduced. The dogs were administered with either statin (10 mg/kg, 20mg/kg or 30mg/kg rosuvastatin) or fair to middling volume of placebo (0.5 ml of 10% 2-hydroxypropyl--cyclodextrin in autoclaved water) treatment. The serum LDL cholesterol levels were monitored once a hebdomad for six weeks. Blood samples (0.5 ml) were collected from the retro-orb ital plexus
Monday, April 22, 2019
Strategies to prevent Stress & Burnout in Nursing - Research Paper ExampleA number of studies have explored burnout and filter out among nurses in more countries in relation to enduring out totals. Too often, burnouts are directly linked to increased mortality, patient dissatisfaction, and chastening to rescue. Similarly, in a relation between clinical care and personal stress, nurses reported 76 incidents where they believed patient care was badly impacted by stress (Timby & Smith, 2005). However, personality has been always considered as a operative variable in the escape stress/burnout equation in many investigations. Jointly, these findings affirm the fact that perceptions of burnouts and movement stress among nurses are non just as a result of work conditions given that not all nurses, exposed to the same working conditions, experience stress or produce burnout.Neurotism has been linked to exhaustion, opus external locus of control has showed a positive correlation wi th stress and burnout. evaluation of anxiety demonstrates a connection with burnout and stress. Anxiety may be more stable and viewed as a personality feature. Ahola (2007) cerebrate that nurses with high state anxiety do not only risk having burnouts, merely too absorb medical errors. Maslach C, and Jackson S. (1982), in their study found that nurses with high trait-anxiety experienced psychological distress. Further, relationships with head nurses, coworkers, physicians, and early(a) departments are key predictors of psychological stress. Oral abuse from physicians has been noted to stress up staff nurses.... Jointly, these findings support the fact that perceptions of burnouts and work stress among nurses are not just as a result of work conditions given that not all nurses, exposed to the same working conditions, experience stress or develop burnout. Neurotism has been linked to exhaustion, while external locus of control has showed a positive correlation with stress and b urnout. Evaluation of anxiety demonstrates a connection with burnout and stress. Anxiety may be more stable and viewed as a personality feature. Ahola (2007) concluded that nurses with high state anxiety do not only risk having burnouts, but also make medical errors. Maslach C, and Jackson S. (1982), in their study found that nurses with high trait-anxiety experienced psychological distress. Further, relationships with head nurses, coworkers, physicians, and other departments are key predictors of psychological stress. Oral abuse from physicians has been noted to stress up staff nurses. Most frequent source of abuse tend to be other nurses, family abuse come second, and physician abuse is least frequent. Professional standards to ensure quality care for their clients Burnout and stress are well-nigh likely causes of poor performance and negative work attitudes. According to Elis and Hartley (2004), professional standards in nursing such as setting realistic goals, not taking issue s individually, taking time away, and doing things differently help nurses stimulate a better sense of accomplishment. Dissimilar work routines can help to deter psychological stress and give a sense of better control. Carrying out tasks less personally entails objectifying negative interactions in support limit emotional involvement, thus reducing stress. Failure to bring patient problems at home also decreases emotional involvement
Sunday, April 21, 2019
The Use of Force by Police, Specific Cases and their Implications - Research Paper ExampleForce is apply by the jurisprudence to overcome resistance to their authority and to protect both civilians and ships officers. It is necessary that they have this tycoon in order for them to carry out their function, and the go for of reasonable force is legal. However, the subject is one of large contention, in regards to both non-deadly and deadly force. The use of force is often connected with racism, with significant concern by civilians that many instances where force is used are the result of racial profiling. There is rising debate approximately whether the police overstep their boundaries in the use of force, using force when it is not necessary, and in order to dun or suppress civilians that are involved in undesirable, barely not illegal actions. Examples of this include use of police force on civilians during peaceful protests, and using excessive force on particular races b ut not others. This had lead to concerns that control surrounding the use of force in the police is severely lacking. The personal manner in which police use force is varied and depends on the circumstance, the individuals involved and the agency in which the officer is from. The most basic form of force involves the use of handcuffs. Other non-lethal forms of force include the use of semiconducting energy devices (CEDs) such as tasers, and of aerosol sprays such as Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) spray, also known as pepper spray (MacDonald et al., 2009). . Firearms are also used, although the rate at which they are discharged is low, with one body of work estimating at in 0.6% of incidents a firearm was discharged . There are no national laws or regulations that control the use of firearms within the police, and as a consequence, policies take issue between cities and states. The rules and directives concerning the use of force differ between agencies. Within the United States, 45% of local and state law enforcement agencies have been found to abandon the use of OC spray, and 20-30% allow the use of CEDs to bypass passive resistance . Likewise, different agencies and states have different run through procedures for the use of force. The amount of force used by police has been found to differ significantly depending on the authority of the police officer. Detectives were found to be considerably more forceful than patrol officers under the homogeneous types of situations . Concern for the use of force by the police is partially connected to the lack of discipline for police officers that use force that is greater than the situation requires, even when the force that was used was clearly indefensible. In the display case of the use of lethal force through firearms, following incidents it is often unclear whether the force used was inordinate or justify. As the cases are reviewed by the police, there are few cases where the use of force is considered unjustif ied and as a consequence there are few criminal charges laid . The definition of justified force that is used by the police in these investigations does not always match this
Self Esteem - Literature review ExampleMoreover, kindly word meaning at any rate interpersonal correlation has vita effects on self esteem (Nunley, 1996 p. 90). Friendship impacts on self esteem from puberty up to when a person develops into an adult (Cause, Mason, Gonzales, Hiraga, and Liu, 1998 p. 54). Evidently, singing together at the Bristol mix in will make these persons to develop some friendship and relationship thus boosting their personal self esteem. Furthermore, supporter and support given to people also helps in improving the self esteem of children and the adolescents in the bon ton. supererogatory areas that also promote self esteem of any person are the school transition besides social success. Actually, when a person graduates from one level of education to another, they realize their position in the society thus improving their self esteem as described by Feldman and Elliot. Some of these social successes in the adolescents may comprise having self confidence in their physical appearance, their intelligence in class, besides social belonging (Fennel, 2011 p. 56). However, the children who dont recognize such confidence in them will hate themselves, thus, embarrassed self esteem. Singing as a group in enhanced the interpersonal relationship among the individuals in Bristol Integrate. The possibility of the individuals to relate to one another very in the group leads to high social esteem. Conversely, the inability to interrelate will result in very low self esteem among the singers.
Saturday, April 20, 2019
Gender and Sex in an African Society - Essay ExampleThe invention of women demonstrates, on the contrary, that sex was not constructed in the old society of Yoruba, and that organizations in the society were determined by relation back age. A meticulous epistemological and historical account of an African culture embracing its own terms, this word of honor makes an argument that is persuasive based on the culturally dependent context that interprets social reality. It calls for a sexual urge discourse preconception and categories on which such studies can rely. Moreover, the book bares the hidden assumptions in thoughts of different cultures. It is a truly comparative sociology of the occidental tradition and African culture that will change the way gender and African studies proceed.Oyewumis analysis advances greatly into the postcolonial mapping of the European distinction that has been developing in the recent decades. It traces how Western visual privileging insures that bio logical determinism and social constructivism cannot be mutually exclusive in cultures of the West. Gender categories were one contour of new tradition that European colonialists institutionalized in many African cultures including the Yoruba culture. Contemporary Western womens lib has continued to extend their empire. Oyewumi enables the reader to envision what is hard to imagine within Western feminism realness after gender. The book makes a huge contri scarcelyion to not only feminism and African studies but also to philosophy, social theory and sociology in general. In Male daughters and female husbands.
Friday, April 19, 2019
5 Paragraph - Essay ExampleAll utility things like automobiles, wash drawing machine, refrigerators etc. breaks down when they ar most needed. Indeed, the uncanny coincidence of their breakdown forces one to realize that these objects rescue a mind of their own which they use for optimal impact against man.Things like personal items have unlearned tendency of getting lost at the eleventh hour Gloves, pliers, keys of car, house, locker etc. tend to mellow from their normal place when they are needed urgently. Interestingly, they are often found in the places least evaluate like the long forgotten corner of the wardrobe or under the mattress of unused bed. How and when they get to be there has remained the mystery for all.Most profound is the knowledge of the objects which refuse to perform their duty once they are brought home by their masters. Cigarette lighters, toys, car clocks etc. are major items that only exploit once and thereafter refuse to show their talent again. This is perhaps the only category of objects that man has been commensurate to demystify and therefore is less likely to get upset with.One can therefore compactly state that society of nonliving objects has been successful in declaring their hostility against man. Objects of first two categories show that inanimate things are psychologically much advanced and know how to test human patience or indeed, amplification their blood pressure to achieve their objective. Man needs to be much more aware of their dicey intentions so that he is equipped with alternatives that would defeat the evil intentions of the inanimate
Thursday, April 18, 2019
Corporate outline - Analysis of Michael porter - Essay ExampleCompanies were non willing to take risks and venture into path that was not trodden earlier by some one else.In the information technology sector, imitation became inevitable as emerging economies allowed inwards flow of FDI. When multinationals started expanding to low cost countries they had to enter in joint venture with a local partner, which means they had to transfer technology. When firms entered India, they had to opt for joint ventures. While older technologies are transferred through licensing agreement, rising technologies or those with fewer previous transfers or where the transferors have little experience with technology transfers opt for FDI (Eapen & Hennart, 2002).Porter further says, in high-tech industries this imitation phase often continues much longer than it should. This is because once the companies lead established they do not plan for anything new and do not have any unload strategic. Stagnat ion occurs, which results in mediocre returns. Companies that come out with fundamental advantages prosper such(prenominal) as Toyota in the automobile sector.The Big ternary in the US automotive sedulousness namely, Ford Motor corporation (Ford), General Motors Corporation (GM) and DaimlerChrysler (DC) played a prominent role in the evolution of the automotive industriousness till the 1990s. The industry adopted the lean production technique from Japan in the 1990s. The auto industry is the most globalized in the world and has undergone turbulent changes. The industry has been facing issues such as facing issues such as slow time to market, costly inventories, overcapacity, and low customer satisfaction and loyalty (Deloitte, 2003). The Big Three did not take initiatives to bring about fundamental changes as technology evolved. This allowed others such as Toyota and Hyundai to drop the world market. Today Toyota is Americas third most admired organization and enjoy a 17.4 perce nt share of the US retail market (SD, 2007). Toyota has
Wednesday, April 17, 2019
The sustainable purlieu vs. the current growth of our human popoulation - Essay ExampleSurely, in that location must be a limit to the amount of development and destruction of the natural resources that this planet can actually sustain originally catastrophic events begin to happen. Sustainability entails the capacity for a nation and an environment to endure the test of time. As thither is still much we do not know about our current surroundings, there is a hunting expedition for concern as the population around us continues to mushroom. If there is no regard for the land among us, and there are no plans put into place for increased sustainability moving forward, the primer, as we know it today, could be badly altered in eras to come. With this reality in mind, it is important now to consider whether or not our environment can be sustainable in light of an increased population, and what affects to be to protect rising evolutionary eras of mankind who will follow us. That is the focus of this paper. In ecological terms, sustainability refers to the unique nature that the earths environment has to remain diverse and profitable over time (Yazdi and Shakouri 468). It is this diversity that has, to this point, delivered civilizations to flourish since the low of time, having access to sustainable resources that have enabled continued growth. Biologists wonder, however, if this ecological phenomenon that allows the biosphere to continue in its productive state can continue indefinitely in the face of continued growth and abuse. Wetlands and forests that represent the scoop out of what a sustainable biological system entails have long dominated the earth, during the modern era. Many people believe that the wetlands continue to be healthy and productive, while forests provide much needed stability to the environment. epoch will tell, of course, if these thoughts are correct, or whether we are truly destroying the sustainability of our planet. Throughout history, humans have talked about demo a esteem for nature that has transcended time, yet this does not always equate into action. With continued population growth, however, this respect and admiration for the forests, wetlands, and other aspects of our sustainable environment has gradually decreased over time. Sustainability is vitally important to humans, however, in order to contri barelye to the long-term well being and ability to thrive in the midst of ball-shaped change. Factors that impact this ability to sustain the productiveness of the earth for the long term include certain ecological, political, and ethnic components. In essence, the needs of humans to grow and prosper on this earth must be parallelism with certain environmental values that cannot be compromised. Humans cannot fight the ecology of the world in the long-term and expect to win. The need for social equality and economic expansion must be balanced with the need to create a sustainable environment that will continue to support human expansion. It has long been know that a healthy ecosystem is necessary to not only the continued survival of living organism (humans included), but also to their ability to flourish as well (Omer 2268). In order to accomplish this feat, methods must be established in an effort to reduce any negative impact that humans have on the environment around them. In order for the earth to remain sustainable and stable, humans must allow it to
Tuesday, April 16, 2019
founderald lift out Good Manager or Bad Manager Essay1. Work Hard every speaker at every brass instrument like this, only the Don gives this much than the usual lip service. He basically said that everyone he knew that made a lot of money and was successful, worked 7 days a week. He suggested to the audience that if they precious to succeed, they should be prepared for 80 hour weeks for a long magazine.2. Love What You Do Another platitude, except he spoke about this in a passionate way. He discouraged the audience from link or switching to a hot industry or from going into consulting in favor of getting involved with an industry you love (antiques, baseball, marketing), even if that industry is not currently doing well as a whole. His message was that you entrust perform so well in your imperfect industry that you will trick out above the rest and end up being a star in the top 1% of that industries, tho if you joined an industry you werent passionate about, youd end up in the 50th percentile of earners in that industry. He thought the pay in the top 1% of a crappy industry (in a job you love) would top the 50th percentile in a hot industry3. Know What You Do, any(prenominal) industry you are in and whatever role you play in that industry, work hard to sire a world class expert in it. For example, if you are a macro manager in a security software company, he suggested that you should not just focus on getting grievous at email marketing campaigns, but that you should become an expert in that security industry yourself, so that you can communicate with all levels of people about the technology simply , so that you can arrest detailed conversations with analysts, so that you can write credible blog articles, so that you can explain the rising competitive dynamics to potential investors, etc.4. Luck According to Don, The harder I work, the luckier I get. 5. Education A huge advantage that is expensive in the short run, but cheap in the lo ng run. Dons military position when asked about the rising cost of education, If you think getting an education is expensive, try ignorance. 6. Management Donald fought the platitude sit and said You want to be smarter than your people. He thought the notion that you should hire people smarter than you was a brusk one. 7. Persistence He talked a lot about riding the ups and downs of the real estate market, losing everything, and coming back. He credited his success and the demise of umteen of his competitors to being patient and persistent over long periods of time to wait out market fluctuations. This one might be more relevant to Donalds business than most, but still interesting. 8. Negotiation Always do it face-to-face. In this era of telephones, teleconference, and video conference, Donald suggests that if its an all important(p) negotiation, you should do it face to face, so you can read the other persons body language.9. Middle men Donald is not a caramel brown of midd le men who do not add value and who extract outsized returns. He tells the tale of how he goes around a broker on a billion dollar (thats the number of zeros the Don deals in these days) deal where he was losing a negotiation and flew to Dubai to deal directly with the principal and struck a great deal. I must say, I liked this piece of advice. There are so many industries that have middle men filled with old boys clubs that take money out of your pocket. If you want a good example, try leasing some office space or dealing with a technology analyst.10. labor union Marry someone who understands number 1 above and trade name sure to get a antenuptial agreement. Donald Trump may not be a jerk as the world makes him out to be. Although it may come as a surprise to most of America, Donald Trumps long time employees attract him as a strong yet merciful leader. Trump is a far more spotless leader than he is given credit. Not only is he fair, when hes forced to make a decision he th inks about it carefully, and just as he does on the show, Mr. Trump will contact the appropriate people whe neer theres an unproductive or anti-productive issue to be resolved. If he werent a successful real estate developer.According to actual Donald Trump employees, hes very much like the man you see on the show, but hes as well as a man filled with genuine blessing beyond anything the cameras could ever show yet the media never picks up on the good press they always take the bad against him. Trumps employees say he plant life hard to keep his kindness out of the spotlight, but in truth he is far more generous than his reputation would lead anyone to believe. On the season premiere of The Apprentice, a member of the winning team asked Donald about the story of a middle aged couple who stopped to help when Donalds firm limo broke down on a deserted highway outside New York City. Trump showed genuine signs of humility as the contestant asked if he had really paid off the mortga ge on that helpful couples home after they rescued him.Almost embarrassed, Trump admitted to the kind act, but most people refuse to believe this stern business tycoon could ever show compassion beyond that of his immediate family and inner circle. So while this man would seem to be lost in most marketers, Donald has turn it into a lot of money and respect.Donald Trumps leadership style has turned The Apprentice into a powerful magnet for thousands of young entrepreneurs, many of whom credit Trump with teaching them important lessons for business success.
Monday, April 15, 2019
Prolix Initiative Care workers case study EssayKevin Pudney and Malcolm Rose have worked in the get by sector for all over 20 years. Their most recent job is part of a European realize aimed at improving reading and development in business and speeding the measure to competency. more than information on the research project is available on the Prolix website (www.prolixproject.org). The project was conducted in compact with Social Care Institute of honesty. The social treat sector in UK was chosen to test the impertinently systems developed as part of the project. The researcher spent 3 years in Suffolk running(a) with 6 care internals owned by The Partnership In Care (TPIC) conference. The Social Care Institute of Excellence (SCIE) 1 is responsible for this social care test-bed and will assess the impact of the project.Whats the problem?Statistics from the Labour Force mass show that Care Assistants and Home Carers report higher than average levels of stress lin k illness caused or do worse by the work they do. The PROLIX project aimed to develop systems that would help improve working lives of managers and stave at the homes. The project was not about work related stress, but the researchers recognised that in that respect were factors present that can be associated with cases of work related stress. Staff turnover was about average for a sector that has a planetaryly high turn over rate at around 25%. However, it was ill-temperedly high in one home after management problems, where analysis showed turnover in the previous two years of 57%.As versatile staff are replaced by rough staff, it increases the study demands on management. It is well established that lot who need help with social care fatality the same carer to care for them consistently especially those who need help with washing, dressing etc. Where homes have a high turn over rate or depone on temporary or confide staff they struggle to offer this consistency of care to the people who live at the home. Other issues place as part of the testing include low pay, high job demands, low staffing levels, IT issues and needs of residents as being key issues for staff. Job demands included1. The care needs of residents2. Requirements to record information on care given3. Required skills and knowledge in over a dozen mandatory areas of competence. Control issues included1. The care needs of residents2. Lack of control over how work is carried out3. Lack of control over when work is carried outWhat did they do about it?The initiative focused on improving the management of training and development in order to give staff the skills they need to do the job and satisfy the well-grounded requirements set by Care Quality Commission (CQC). The aim of the work was to help managers understand the issues set about by staff and for Care Assistants to get the training they need so that they could be more skilled and perform better, stay in the role longer and give residents the care that the are looking for. The familiar study involved all staff and managers at The Partnership in Care homes, and subsets of staff for particular areas of research. One area involved asking care staff to rate themselves on a weighing machine of 1-10 for a set of 17 areas of competency. These areas were based on the requirements set out by CQC and other areas set as important by the local training manager. Managers were then asked to rate each of their staff in the same competency areas. They had not seen the results from their staff when they did their assessment.This exercise helped staff s fetch up their own Areas For Improvement (AFI) and managers to range AFIs for staff. It also allowed comparison between staff and managers. This enabled the training manager to identify areas where members of staff did not touch sensation confident in their role or where managers did not feel confident that staff had the necessary skills. It also allowed the training manager to look for trends indoors teams, for example where there were differences between the ratings given by staff and a manager. It could also identify where people may be over-confident or where they needed more support. The general findings from this competency exercise were shared with staff and managers in a supported environment to help them identify issues and properly interpret data, where training was needed and where staff felt there could be an improvement in the services offered to residents.The detailed individual results were treated as confidential and discussed further in supervision. The final results of the project research were delivered to staff and managers at each home in a day-long session at the end of the project. This enabled the consultant to relieve the exercises and the results and spend time with staff and managers to give them support in receiving and delivering the results. It also enabled them to explain how these results would be fed into the d evelopment needs of the people who had taken part. There are some 600-800 someone training units to be delivered per home to skill all staff to a basic level, with a important proportion repeated annually as refreshers and for new unskilled staff. The organisation owns 6 homes, making this a huge and time consuming activity.The Partnership in Care group has a full time training manager who is responsible for arranging and delivering these training units. Kevin and Malcolm worked with the training manager to help develop a spreadsheet that would enable trainers and managers to see at a glance who had the training they needed, what training was outstanding and when refresher training was due. The training system has helped us see at a glance what training is outstanding and made sure that we can get people trained when they need it and nobody is missed out. Care home manager What else could have been done?They feel that one of the things they would do differently is to help the org anisation deliver to identify suitable people at interview stage. This would help The Partnership In Care group to identify staff development needs at an early stage and invest in those people who have the desire to forge a career or vocation in social care from the beginning of their employment. This would help keep them with the organisation. How can it prevent stress related ill health?It must be made clear that this exercise was not put in place with work related stress in mind. The objective was to help improve the organisation and delivery of training and development within the company. However, demands and control issues were identified as part of this study. By improving the levels of competence of staff and managers and in lot them think about the skills they need to be successful in their work and improve the lives of the people who rely upon them, the work has helped address some of these demand and control issues.
Theories of rectifyness experimentTheory of Justice is a work of political philosophy and ethics by rear Rawls. It was in the first place published in 1971 and revised in both 1975 (for the translated editions) and 1999. In A Theory of Justice, Rawls attempts to solve the caper of distributive jurist (the soci eithery just distribution of goods in a society) by utilising a division of the familiar device of the mixer contract. The resultant theory is known as Justice as justice, from which Rawls derives his both principles of justice the liberty principle and the difference principle. ObjectiveIn A Theory of Justice, Rawls argues for a high-principled reconciliation of liberty and equality. Central to this effort is an account of the circumstances of justice, inspired by David Hume, and a median(a) choice situation for parties facing much(prenominal)(prenominal) circumstances, similar to close to of Immanuel Kants views. Principles of justice be sought to prevail the conduct of the parties. These parties ar recognized to face moderate scarcity, and they are neither naturally altruistic nor stringently egoistic. They know discontinues which they seek to advance, but prefer to advance them through cooperation with new(prenominal)s on mutually acceptable terms.Rawls offers a model of a fair choice situation (the original position with its veil of ignorance) within which parties would hypothetically choose mutually acceptable principles of justice. Under such constraints, Rawls believes that parties would find his favoured principles of justice to be especially attractive, winning out over varied alternatives, including utilitarian and right-libertarian accounts.A society, correspond to functionalism, is just to the extent that its laws and institutions are such as to parent the greatest general or average satisfaction of its members. How do we determine the aggregate, or overall, gratification of the members of a society? This wou ld seem to present a real problem. For happiness is non, like temperature or weight, directly mensurable by severally essence that we have available. So utilitarians mustiness approach the egress indirectly. They entrust have to rely on indirect measures, in other words. What would these be, and how send away they be place? The raditional judgment at this point is to rely upon (a) a theory of the valet de chambre good (i. e. , of what is good for piece beings, of what is ask for them to flourish) and (b) an account of the social conditions and chassiss of establishment essential to the realization of that good. People, of course, do not agree on what grade of emotional say would be the most coveted. Intellectuals, artists, ministers, politicians, corporate bureaucrats, financiers, soldiers, athletes, sales individualists, workers all these antithetical types of nation, and much besides, leave alone sure not agree completely on what is a happy, satisfying, or suitable purport.Very likely they will disaccord on some quite important points. All is not lost, however. For there whitethorn so far be substantial agreement exuberant, anyway, for the purposes of a theory of justice around the superior general conditions requisite to charitable stentorian in all these otherwise disparate strains of life. First of all there are at marginal authentic basic of necessity that must be satisfied in any enviable kind of life. grassroots needs, says jam Sterba, are those needs that must be satisfied in order not to poorly endanger a persons mental or physical easy-being. Basic needs, if not satisfied, lead to lacks and deficiencies with reckon to a standard of mental and physical well-being. A persons needs for food, shelter, medical care, certificate, companionship, and self-ontogenesis are, at least in part, needs of this sort. Sterba, Contemporary Social and Political Philosophy (Belmont, CA Wadsworth Publishing Co. , 1995). A basic -needs minimum, then, is the minimum wherewithal indispensable for a person to meet his or her basic needs. Such needs are universal.People will be alike in having such needs, however much they diverge in regard to the other needs, desires, or ends that they may have. We may develop this common ground further by resorting to some of Aristotles ideas on this principal of the nature of a happy and satisfying life. Aristotle holds that homos are sharp-witted beings and that a human life is essentially rational activity, by which he means that human beings live their lives by make choices on the basis of reasons and then acting on those choices. All reasoning about what to do rejoinder from expound relating to the agents beliefs and desires.Desire is the motive for action and the practical syllogism (Aristotles label for the reasoning by which quite a little descend what to do) is its comment into choice. Your choices are dictated by your beliefs and desiresprovided you are ra tional. Such choices, the reasoning that leads to them, and the actions that result from them are what Aristotle primarily means by the sort of rational activity that makes up a human life. We may middling mating up this point of view by saying that people are rational end-choosers. If Aristotle is at all on the right track, then it is clear that a basic-needs minimum is a prerequisite to any in demand(predicate) kind of life, and further that to live a desirable kind of life a person must be free to determine his or her own ends and have the wherewithalthe means, the opportunitiesto have a realistic outlook of achieving those ends. (Some of these Aristotelian points are perhaps implicitly included in Sterbas list of basic needs, infra the learning ability of self-development. ) So what does all this do for Utilitarianism? Quite a lot.We have filled in some of full stop (a) above the theory of the human good, the general conditions essential to a happy or desirable life. The Utilitarian may plausibly claim to be trying to promote the overall happiness of people in his society, therefore, when he tries to improve such things as rate of employment, per capita income, distribution of wealth and opportunity, the amount of money of leisure, general approachability and level of education, poverty rates, social mobility, and the like. The justification for thinking these things relevant should be pretty plain.They are measures of the amount and the distribution of the means and opportunities by which people can realize their various conception of a desirable life. With these things clearly in mind the Utilitarian is in a position to argue about souvenir (b), the sorts of social arrangements that will deliver the means and opportunities for people to achieve their conception of a desirable life. John Stuart Mill, one of the three most important 19th century Utilitarians (the other two were Jeremy Bentham and atomic number 1 Sidgwick), argued that independ ence or liberty, both political and economic, were indispensable requisites for happiness.Basing his view upon much the same interpretation of human beings and human life as Aristotle, Mill argued that democracy and the basic political libertiesfreedom of speech (and the press), of assembly, of worshipwere essential to the happiness of rational end-choosers for without them they would be prevented from effectively pursuing their own conception of a good and satisfying life. likewise he argued that some degree of economic prosperitywealthwas indispensable to having a realistic chance of living such a life, of realizing ones ends. So, ccording to Utilitarianism, the just society should be so organized in its institutionsits government, its laws, and its economythat as umpteen people as possible shall have the means and opportunity to achieve their chosen conception of a desirable life. To square away the institutions of ones society toward this goal, in the utilitarian view, is to pursue greater justice.In the 19th century utilitarians much argued for a laissez faire capitalist economy. More recently some of them have argued for a mingled economy, i. e. , a recite adjust market system. Mill, interestingly, argued at the beginning of the 19th century for an unregulated capitalist economy, but at the end argued for a socialist economy (which is not the same thing as a mixed economy). (3) The hold dearion of the sorts of liberties that were guaranteed in the United States by the Bill of Rights in our Constitution. (4) Democratic forms of government generally.The utilitarian rationale for severally of these institutional arrangements should be fairly obvious, but it would probably contribute significantly to our understanding of utilitarianism to review, in more detail, some utilitarian arguments for (2) free market capitalism. This we shall do later, in the next section. Three Theories of Justice Utilitarianism, Justice as Fairness, and Libertarianism (1) Utilitarianism A society, according to Utilitarianism, is just to the extent that its laws and institutions are such as to promote the greatest overall or average happiness of its members.How do we determine the aggregate, or overall, happiness of the members of a society? This would seem to present a real problem. For happiness is not, like temperature or weight, directly measurable by any means that we have available. So utilitarians must approach the matter indirectly. They will have to rely on indirect measures, in other words. What would these be, and how can they be identified? The traditional idea at this point is to rely upon (a) a theory of the human good (i. e. of what is good for human beings, of what is required for them to flourish) and (b) an account of the social conditions and forms of organization essential to the realization of that good. People, of course, do not agree on what kind of life would be the most desirable. Intellectuals, artists, ministers, politician s, corporate bureaucrats, financiers, soldiers, athletes, salespersons, workers all these different types of people, and more besides, will certainly not agree completely on what is a happy, satisfying, or desirable life.Very likely they will disagree on some quite important points. All is not lost, however. For there may yet be substantial agreementenough, anyway, for the purposes of a theory of justice about the general conditions requisite to human flourishing in all these otherwise disparate kinds of life. First of all there are at minimum certain basic needs that must be satisfied in any desirable kind of life. Basic needs, says James Sterba, are those needs that must be satisfied in order not to seriously endanger a persons mental or physical well-being. Basic needs, if not satisfied, lead to lacks and deficiencies with respect to a standard of mental and physical well-being. A persons needs for food, shelter, medical care, protection, companionship, and self-development are, at least in part, needs of this sort. Sterba, Contemporary Social and Political Philosophy (Belmont, CA Wadsworth Publishing Co. , 1995). A basic-needs minimum, then, is the minimum wherewithal required for a person to meet his or her basic needs. Such needs are universal.People will be alike in having such needs, however much they diverge in regard to the other needs, desires, or ends that they may have. We may develop this common ground further by resorting to some of Aristotles ideas on this question of the nature of a happy and satisfying life. Aristotle holds that humans are rational beings and that a human life is essentially rational activity, by which he means that human beings live their lives by making choices on the basis of reasons and then acting on those choices. All reasoning about what to do proceeds from premises relating to the agents beliefs and desires.Desire is the motive for action and the practical syllogism (Aristotles label for the reasoning by which people decide what to do) is its translation into choice. Your choices are dictated by your beliefs and desiresprovided you are rational. Such choices, the reasoning that leads to them, and the actions that result from them are what Aristotle chiefly means by the sort of rational activity that makes up a human life. We may fairly sum up this point of view by saying that people are rational end-choosers. If Aristotle is at all on the right track, then it is clear that a basic-needs minimum is a prerequisite to any desirable kind of life, and further that to live a desirable kind of life a person must be free to determine his or her own ends and have the wherewithalthe means, the opportunitiesto have a realistic chance of achieving those ends. (Some of these Aristotelian points are perhaps implicitly included in Sterbas list of basic needs, under the head of self-development. ) So what does all this do for Utilitarianism? Quite a lot.We have filled in some of item (a) above the theory of the human good, the general conditions essential to a happy or desirable life. The Utilitarian may plausibly claim to be trying to promote the overall happiness of people in his society, therefore, when he tries to improve such things as rate of employment, per capita income, distribution of wealth and opportunity, the amount of leisure, general availability and level of education, poverty rates, social mobility, and the like. The justification for thinking these things relevant should be pretty plain.They are measures of the amount and the distribution of the means and opportunities by which people can realize their various conception of a desirable life. With these things clearly in mind the Utilitarian is in a position to argue about item (b), the sorts of social arrangements that will deliver the means and opportunities for people to achieve their conception of a desirable life. John Stuart Mill, one of the three most important 19th century Utilitarians (the other two were Jeremy B entham and Henry Sidgwick), argued that freedom or liberty, both political and economic, were indispensable requisites for happiness.Basing his view upon much the same interpretation of human beings and human life as Aristotle, Mill argued that democracy and the basic political libertiesfreedom of speech (and the press), of assembly, of worshipwere essential to the happiness of rational end-choosers for without them they would be prevented from effectively pursuing their own conception of a good and satisfying life. Similarly he argued that some degree of economic prosperitywealthwas indispensable to having a realistic chance of living such a life, of realizing ones ends. So, ccording to Utilitarianism, the just society should be so organized in its institutionsits government, its laws, and its economythat as many people as possible shall have the means and opportunity to achieve their chosen conception of a desirable life. To reform the institutions of ones society toward this goal , in the utilitarian view, is to pursue greater justice.In the 19th century utilitarians often argued for a laissez faire capitalist economy. More recently some of them have argued for a mixed economy, i. e. , a state regulated market system. Mill, interestingly, argued at the beginning of the 19th century for an unregulated capitalist economy, but at the end argued for a socialist economy (which is not the same thing as a mixed economy). (3) The protection of the sorts of liberties that were guaranteed in the United States by the Bill of Rights in our Constitution. (4) Democratic forms of government generally.The utilitarian rationale for each of these institutional arrangements should be fairly obvious, but it would probably contribute significantly to our understanding of utilitarianism to review, in more detail, some utilitarian arguments for (2) free market capitalism. This we shall do later, in the next section. What do you think a Utilitarian would say about universal medical care? Would he or she be for it or against it? What about affirmative action programs, anti-hate crime legislation, welfare, a graduated income tax, anti-trust laws?For or against? What would decide the issue for a utilitarian? (2) Utilitarianism and Competitive Capitalism The key claim about market capitalism for the utilitarian is that free, unregulated markets efficiently allocate resourceschiefly labor and capitalin the production of goods. By a market is meant only any form of economic activity in which buyers do business with sellers. In the classical system of economics dis strayation is presupposed among producers or sellers. Toward the end of the nineteenth century writers began to make explicit hat competition required that there be a considerable number of sellers in any trade or industry in informed communication with each other. In more recent times this has been crystallized into the notion of many sellers doing business with many buyers. each(prenominal) is well i nformed as to the prices at which others are selling and buyingthere is a going price of which everyone is aware. Most important of all, no buyer or seller is large enough to control or exercise an appreciable influence on the common price. The notion of efficiency as applied to an economic system is many-sided.It can be viewed merely as a matter of getting the most for the least. thither is also the problem of getting the particular things that are wanted by the lodge in the particular amounts in which they are wanted. In addition, if an economy is to be efficient some evenhandedly full use must be made of the available, or at least the willing, labor supply. There must be some satisfactory allocation of resources between present and future productionbetween what is produced for consumption and what is invested in new plant and processes to enlarge future consumption.There must also be appropriate inducing to change the adoption of new and more efficient methods of production m ust be encouraged. Finallya somewhat different requirement and one that went long unrecognizedthere must be adequate provision for the research and technological development which brings new methods and new products into existence. All this makes a large bill of requirements. Rawlss Theory of Justice as Fairness The reformulation of Utilitarianism we just saw comes from John Rawls, who did not present it as a version of Utilitarianism at all.He presented it as a first approximation to a quite distinct conception of justice from Utilitarianism, a conception that he calls Justice as Fairness. I presented Rawlss idea as a reformulation of Utilitarianism, anyway, because it seems to me to be greatly get throughing of whats defective with Utilitarianism to have an alternative to compare it to, an alternative that blocks the kinds of fairness objections that are typically increase against Utilitarianism.In Utilitarianism everyone, in a way, is given equal consideration at the outset i nasmuch as everyones happiness is taken into consideration and is given the same weight in the reasoning by which a form of social organization is settled on as the one that, in the circumstances, yields the greatest average expediency. But, as we saw, Utilitarianism may in some circumstances settle on a form of social organization that treats some people unfairly, by imposing undue burdens on them for the sake of the greater average utility or happiness of the whole social group.In the light of this fact it is reasonable to conclude that something is wrong with the Utilitarian procedure for weighing the interests of the individual members of the social group in deciding on what forms of social organization best serve those interests. The procedure puts individuals at and undesirable and unfair risk of being sacrificed for the overall social good. In the principle that we suggested as a revision of Utilitarianism, people would not be put at quite the same risk.Rawls in fact argues for a more elaborate principle of justice in social organization, one that we havent seen yet, and he does so by employing a hypothetical model of a situation requiring people to choose the fundamental principles by which the basic institutions of their society are to be evaluated and organized. He argues that in the hypothetical conditions under which the choice of principles is to be made, only fair or just principles can be chosen. He argues that this is so because of the hypothetical conditions he imposes on the situation of the people making the choice. because he argues that under those conditions people would choose the following conjunction of principles The Equal Liberty Principle Each person is to have the maximum civil liberties compatible with the same liberty for all. The Difference Principle Inequalities are permissible only if (a) they can be expected to work to everyones advantage, especially to the advantage of the least well off, and (b) the positions, offices, rol es, to which the inequalities attach are open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity.Libertarianism The Libertarianism, as the name suggests, expresss individual liberty as the central and indeed exclusive concern of social justice. A just society, according to the Libertarian, must grant and protect the liberty or freedom of each individual to pursue his craved ends. In the Libertarian view people are essentially rational end-choosers, to use our earlier term, and the kind of life appropriate to rational end-choosers requires them to be free to choose their own ends and free to pursue them without interference from others.This may seem to imply that the Libertarian holds that everyone should be able to do whatever he or she wants, but unfeignedly the Libertarian holds no such view. The Libertarian view is that each person should have the same freedom to pursue his chosen ends, that each is therefore obligated to refrain from interfering with others in their freed om to pursue their ends, and that the function of the state is solely to protect each individuals freedom to pursue his chosen ends.The Libertarian therefore conceives of everyone as having certain rights, which protect his or her liberty to pursue a desirable kind of life. What is distinctive about Libertarianism is its conception of the rights that each individual has. The libertarian philosopher John Hospers states the fundamental libertarian principle in a variety of ways that it may clarify the Libertarian view to repeat here. He says (in The Libertarian Manifesto, reprinted in Justice Alternative Political Perspectives, edited by James P.Sterba, Third Edition (Belmont, CA Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1999), pp. 24, 25) Every person is the proprietor of his own life no one is the owner of any one elses life, and consequently every human being has the right to act in concord with his own choices, unless those actions infringe on the equal liberty of other human beings to act i n accord with their choices No one is anyone elses master and no one is anyone elses slave.Other mens lives are not yours to dispose of. The rights recognized by the Libertarian include all the rights we called civil or personal liberties in our discussion of Rawls, but in regard to property the Libertarian favors a scheme in which each person has a quite open-plan right to acquire property, including full capitalist rights to acquire ownership of the means of production and full rights of bequeathal.Libertarians emphasize property rights as essential to the liberty essential to the life of a rational end-chooser. Property does not mean only real estate it includes anything that you can call your ownclothing, your car, your jewelry, your books and papers. The right of property is not the right to just take it from others, for this would interfere with their property rights. It is rather the right to work for it, to obtain non-coercively the money or services which you can present in voluntary exchanges.
Saturday, April 13, 2019
Managerial Accounting Quiz 1 EssayChapters 1 and 210 Points1. Complete the answer sheet below by placing an X under individually heading that identifies the appeal involved. The Xs can be placed under more than one heading for a single cost. (5 Points)Variable hailFixed CostDirect MaterialsDirect advertizeManufacturing strikePeriod CostMaterials beXXProduction line workers wagesXXProduction Equipment rentalXXFactory Building depreciationXX ad costsXX2. A partial listing of costs incurred at Rust peck during August appears belowPurchases of raw materials $ 135,000Direct labor 73,000Factory Utilities. 11,000 Sales Commissions 69,000 administrative Salaries.. 101,000 Indirect advertise 89,000 Depreciation of Production Equipment. 18,000 Indirect Materials 10,000 Depreciation of Office Copy Machine.. 5,000 bare-ass materials inventory, beginning 97,000Raw materials inventory, ending 84,000 wager in knead inventory, beginning 39,000Work in process inventory, ending 52,000 undefi led ingenuouss inventory, beginning 106,000 perfect goods inventory, ending 71,000a. Prepare a Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured in good form. (3 Points)Direct MaterialsBeginning raw materials inventory $97,000Add Purchase of raw materials 135,000 Raw materials available for engagement 232,000 infer Ending raw materials inventory 84,000Raw materials utilise in outpution $148,000Direct Labor 73,000Manufacturing Overhead 118,000Total manufacturing cost 339,000Add Beginning work in process inventory 39,000378,000Deduct Ending work in process inventory 52,000Cost of goods manufactured $326,000b. Compute the Cost of Goods Sold. (2 Points)Finished goods inventory, beginning$106,000Add Cost of goods manufactured 326,000Goods available for sale 432,000Deduct Finished goods inventory, ending 71,000Cost of goods sold $361,000Managerial Acctg Quiz 2 Fall 2012 NAME__ _______________________Chapters 3 and 410 Points1. Pence Company is a manufacturing firm that uses job-order costing. T he friendship applies overhead to jobs using a pre adjudicated overhead rate based on machine-hours. At the beginning of the year, the company estimated that it would work 44,000 machine hours and would incur $176,000 in manufacturing overhead cost. During the year the quest actual costs and hours were incurredJob A Job B Job C Job D Direct Materials$ 135,000 $ 129,000 $ 98,000 $ 103,000 Direct Labor $ 80,000 $ 85,000 $ 63,000 $ 68,000 Machine Hours 12,000 13,000 8,000 14,000 Number of Units 50 35 60Indirect Materials used $ 34,000Indirect Labor $ 63,000Selling Costs $134,000Factory Utility Costs $ 14,000Factory Depreciation $114,000Administrative Salaries $157,000Required (5 points)a. Compute the predetermined overhead rate176000/44000= 4.00b. Compute the amount of overhead applied to all(prenominal) job.A.12000*4= 48000 B. 13000*4= 52000 C. 8000*4= 32000 D. 14000*4= 56000c. assumptive that Jobs A, B, and D were completed during the year, compute the total cost charged to each j ob and the unit cost of the product produced.A.5660B.8543D. 3983d. Compute the balance in Work In Process at the end of the year. 161,000e. Compute the amount of overhead under or overapplied.176000-161000= 15000f. Assuming the amount is not material, write the journal entry required to close the manufacturing overhead account at the end of the year. Work in Process 161,000Manufacturing Overhead161,0002. Elton Company uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. The company adds materials at the beginning of the process in Department M. variety costs were 75% complete with abide by to the 4,000 units in work in process at May 1 and 50% complete with admire to the 6,000 units in work in process at May 31. During May, 12,000 units were completed and transferred to the next department. An analysis of the costs relating to work in process at May 1 and to turnout activity for May followsMaterials spiritual rebirthWork in process 5/1$26,200$19,370Costs added during May$26,900$29,380RequiredUsing the weighted-average method, determine the Equivalent Units of Production for Materials and Conversion Costs, the Cost per Equivalent Unitfor Material and Conversion Cost, and the total product cost per Equivalent Unit. (5 Points)Equivalent units of productionMaterials Conversion Transferred to next department.. 12,000 12,000 Ending work in process (materials 6,000 units 100% complete conversion 6,000 units 50% complete).. 6,000 3,000 Equivalent units of production 18,000 15,000 Cost per Equivalent UnitMaterials Conversion TotalCost of beginning work in process.. 26,200 19,370 Cost added during the period.. 26,900 29,380 Total cost (a) 53,100 48,750 Equivalent units of production (b) 18,000 15,000 Cost per equivalent unit, (a) (b). 2.95 3.25 Total $6.20
Friday, April 12, 2019
Romeo and Juliet EssayWisely and slow, they run fast Haste is described perfectly with that one quote. plenty dont take into considerations the importees of their actions. In William Shakespe ars play Romeo and Juliet adolescents who lack the wisdom obtained from life screw and react with dramatic thrill, failing to contemplate the possible risks consequences of their actions is revealed. Through this tale of extol there atomic number 18 many events leading to the tragic endings of his two main characters, Shakespe ar shows how if rationality and patience is not used it leave alone lead to downfall. Many teenagers, four hundred years ago and to this day are like Romeo and Juliet spontaneous and do amours with too much haste. First of all, the fact that their entire relationship was five days immense goes to show this haste. They fell step up and in of sexual neck very quickly, at the beginning of the play, Romeo says he is desperately in love with a girl who goes by the name of Rosaline. His friends decide to prove to him how ridiculous his love for Rosaline is, by bringing him to a party.Upon laying eyes on Juliet, Romeos obsession over Rosaline is direct replaced with a new one for Juliet. He asks himself, Did my heart love till now? . This ironic condemn reveals exactly how Romeo allows himself to be dominated by his passion. Instead of having Juliet as some kind of example of how small-scale he actually loved Rosaline, he allows himself to fall into deeper love. So we question our selves is it actually love, or secure lust, or maybe an obsession. In the balcony scene, before saying goodnight to Juliet, Romeo asks her for an exchange of thy loves faithful cursing for mine. Romeo asked Juliet to vow eternal love to him in return for his, later on less than an hour of subtle her, this is in no way a rational action and is too spontaneous to be a wise decision to make.Romeo kills Tybalt in sham 3 Scene 1 he does so out of fury, anothe r type of passion. Moments before, he had been willing to stop his best friend Mercutio to protect his new cousin-in-law however, after filling his friend killed under Tybalts arm, Romeo is enveloped by rage and the need to avenge him. Romeo, unaware of the architectural plan Juliet and the Friar had arranged, later sees Juliets seemingly lifeless body. Seeking relief from the pain of thinking he had lost Juliet, Romeo pronounces these final words Heres to my love Drinks. O true apothecary / Thy drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss I die. Falls. .Romeo impulsively chooses to buy and drink poison, and this decision permanently solves the caper of his grief. Had Romeo kibibyteght about the whole situation a little longer and not been hasty, he could brook saved himself and Juliet from suicide. Secondly, many of these hasty actions have been caused by a feud. Romeo and Juliet had many choices to make and if taken otherwise they could have not lead to deaths, still they chose not to follow the judgeations they knew everyone had of them and instead decided to pursue their love for each other. The horrid feud between the Capulet and Montague families is a big part of Romeo and Juliets lives.The citizens around them expect the two families to hate each other and to spill each others blood, and do not expect them to be friends, let alone to marry a member of the other family. In Act 2 Scene 3, Romeo asks Friar Lawrence to marry him and Juliet. Then plainly know my hearts dear love is get dressed on the fair daughter of rich Capulet as mine on hers, so hers is set on mine and all combined, save what thou must combine by holy uniting when and where and how we met, we wood and made exchange of vow, Ill tell thee as we pass but this I pray, that thou consent to marry us to-day.Romeo is a Montague and Juliet is a Capulet because of their two families continuous feud, their society would never revere of their choice to fall in love and get married. Neither Romeo nor Juliet hesitate to think about what they are doing and so demonstrate their adolescent haste. Friar Laurences action to marry the kids was very hasty as well, he mind if he married them quickly and secretly it could help bring an end to the family fights, but as we all know it did nothing but make things worse. On the other hand, the feud puke be caused by those hasty actions.No one would have died if there was no sign of Romeo fall in love with Juliet so quickly. Tybalt, Mercutio, Paris, Lady Capulet could be alive. These people dying cause the Montagues and Capulets to be even madder at each other, they blamed each other for the deaths. Thirdly, all the haste threw out this entire play has made many consequences and one benefit. The first consequence is a make fight that leads to death. Romeo does not want to fight tybalt because he is in love with Juliet and just married her, and Tybalt is the nephew of the Capulets. Tybalt takes no sympathy and fight with Romeo and Merc utio who gets a scratch. O Romeo, Romeo, brave Mercutio dead Benvolio brings that horrid news to Romeo.After the resolution Romeo is very hurt and upset so he kills Tybalt. Two deaths from a simple marriage. If Romeo would have thought threw his actions of killing tybalt he might have not been banished from Verona, now he cannot see Juliet. Another consequence would be the fact that from all this quick love and haste Romeo and Juliet did not even get to really know one another or start a life together. Upon awakening from the induced insensibility Juliet had been put in by the Friars potion she sees Romeo dead next to her.She immediately decides to kill herself for real. Her finishing words are O happy dagger Snatches Romeos dagger. This is thy sheath Stabs herself there rust, and let me dieFalls on Romeos body, and dies . deciding to end her life immediately is an extreme example of how Juliet acts with much haste, blinded by her passion to be with Romeo, dead or alive. tout ensemble in all, there was one single benefit of all this marked-up hast the Montague and Capulets have ended their feud it ended by their childrens death. O brother Montague, receive me thy hand.This is my daughters jointure, for no more can I demande Capulet says to Montague at the end of the play, there we see the end of that nasty feud. In conclusion, we can all say hasty actions, are truly a waste. It kills the loved ones around you, frustrates everyone, and just in all gives many consequences towards yourself and the others around you. Romeo and Juliet proved to us that close teenagers for ages now still take decisions without thinking and get them self caught in a big knot. All though a love story, Shakespeare play turns into quite the ironic tragedy relating to one main thing Haste.
Wednesday, April 10, 2019
American Literature Questions Essay21. The attractor of the Irish National Theater Movement in the early 20th century was ______. A. W. B. Yeats B. Lady Gregory C. J. M. Synge D. privy Galworthy 22. T. S. Eliots virtually popular verse play is ______. A. Murder in the Cathedral B. The Cocktail Party C. The Family Reunion D. The cop Land 23. The American writer ______ was awarded the Nobel Prize for the anti-racist In- truder in the Dust in 1950. A. Ernest Hemingway B. Gertrude Stein C. William Faulkner D. T. S. Eliot 24.Hemingways second turgid success is ______ , which wrote the epitaph to a decade and to the whole generation in the 1920s, in order to tell us a story about the tragic love affair of a wounded American spend with a British nurse. A. For Whom the Bell Tolls B. A Farewell to Arms C. The Sun Also Rises D. The Old valet and the Sea 25. With the publication of ______ , Dreiser was launching himself upon a long life story that would ultimately make him one of t he most significant American writers of the school later known as literary naturalism. A. Sister Carrie B. The Titan C. The grandeur D. The Stoic.26. enthalpy pile is generally regarded as the forerunner of the 20th -century stream -of-consciousnessnovels and the founder of ______. A. neoclassicism B. psychological military personnel C. psychoanalytical criticism D. surrealism 27. In 1849, Herman Melville published ______ ,a semi-autobiographical novel, con- cerning the sufferings of a genteel youth among brutal sailors. A. Omoo B. Mardi C. Redburn D. Typee 28. As a sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,______ marks the climax of Mark Twains literary activity. A. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn B. Life on the Mississippi C. The rarified Age D.Roughing It 29. Realism was a reaction against ______ or a move away from the bias towards chat up and self- creating fictions, and paved the way to Modernism. A. Romanticism B. Rationalism C. Post-modernism D. Cynicism 30. When sol id ground War II broke out,______ began working for the Italian government, engaged in some radio broadcasts of anti- Semitism and pro- Fascism. A. Ezra Pound B. T. S. Eliot C. Henry crowd D. Robert freeze 31. In 1915 ______ became a naturalized British citizen, largely in protest against Americas failure to join forces England in the First World War. A. Henry James B. T. S. Eliot.C. W. D. Howells D. Ezra Pound 32. What Whitman prefers for his new subject and new poetic feelings is ______ , that is, poetry without a touch on beat or regular rhyme scheme. A. blank verse B. free rhythm C. balanced social structure D. free verse 33. The American woman poet ______ wanted to live simply as a neck independent organism, and so she did, as a spinster. A. Emily Shaw B. Anna Dickinson C. Emily Dickinson D. Anne Bret 34. The Birthmark drives home symbolically ______ point that evil is a mans birthmark, something he was born with. A. Whitmans B. Melvilles C. Hawthornes D. Emersons 35.The Financier ,The Titan and The Stoic written by ______ are called his Trilogy of Desire. A. Henry James B. Theodore Dreiser C. Mark Twain D. Herman Melville 36. Disregarding grammar and punctuation,______ always used i instead of I in his poems to show his protest against self-importance. A. Wallace Stevens B. Ezra Pound C. Robert Frost D. E. E. Cummings 37. Though Robert Frost is generally considered a regional poet whose subject matters mainly focus on the landscape and people in ______ , he wrote many poems that go over the basic themes of mans life in his long poetic career.A. the west B. the south C. New England D. Alaska 38. Most critics return agreed that Fitzgerald is both an insider and an outsider of ______ with a double vision. A. the Gilded Age B. the Rational Age C. the shaft Age D. the Magic Age 39. In the American Romantic belles-lettres,______ came to function almost as a dramatic character that symbolized moral law. A. fire B. water C. trees D. wilderness 40. The desire for an escape from society and a return to ______ became a permanent convention of the American literature. A. the family life B. nature C. the ancient time D. fantasy of love 21. The Renaissance marks a transition from ______ to the modern world. A. the old English B. the medieval C. the feudalist D. the capitalistic 22. The great political and social events in the English society of neoclassical period were the following omit ______. A. the Restoration of King Charles II in 1660 B. the Great Plague of 1665 C. the Great London Fire in 1666 D. the Wars of Roses in 1689 23. With the scarlet letter A as the biggest symbol of all, ______ proves himself to be one of the best symbolists. A. Hawthorne B. Dreiser C. James D. Faulkner 24.The author of Leaves of Grass , a giant of American letters, is ______. A. Faulkner B. Dreiser C. James D. Whitman 25. In Tender is the Night, ______ traces the decline of a young American psychiatrist whose marriage to a beautiful and wealthy patie nt drains his personal energies and corrodes his passkey career. A. Dreiser B. Faulkner C. Fitzgerald D. Jack London 26. Melville is best known as the author of his mighty book, ________, which is one of the world s greatest masterpieces. A. Song of Myself B. Moby Dick C. The Marble Faun D. Mosses from an Old Manse 27.The theme of Henry James see ______ clearly indicates that the aim of the novel is to present life, so it is non surprising to find in his writings human experiences explored in every possible form. A. The American B. The Europeans C. The Art of Fiction D. The Golden Bowl 28. During WWI, ______ served as an honorable junior officer in the American Red Cross Ambulance Corps and in 1918 was bad wounded in both legs. A. Anderson B. Faulkner C. Hemingway D. Dreiser 29. In order to protest against America s failure to join England in WWI, ______ became a naturalized British citizen in 1915. A.William Faulkner B. Henry James C. Earnest Hemingway D. Ezra Pound 30. Rober t Frost described ______as a book of people, which shows a brilliant insight into New England character and the background that organize it. A. North of Boston B. A Boys Will C. A Witness Tree D. A Further Range 31. We can easily find in Dreiser s fiction a world of jungle, and ______ found expression in almost every book he wrote. A. naturalism B. romanticism C. transcendentalism D. cubism 32. As an active participant of his age, Fitzgerald is often acclaimed literary spokesman of the ______. A. Jazz Age B. Age of Reason C. illogical Generation D. Beat Generation 33. From the first novel Sister Carrie on, Dreiser set himself to project the American set for what he had found them to be ______ to the core. A. altruistic B. political C. religious D. materialistic 34. The 20th -century stream- of- consciousness proficiency was frequently and skillfully used by ______ to emphasize the reactions and sexual musings of the narrator. A. Hemingway B. Frost C. Faulkner D. Whitman 35. With the help of his friends Phil Stone and Sherwood Anderson, ______ published a volume of poetry The Marble Faun and his first novel Soldiers Pay. A. Faulkner B.Hemingway C. Ezra Pound D. Fitzgerald 36. The Sun Also Rises casts clear on a whole generation after WWI and the effects of the war by way of a vivid portrait of ______. A. the Beat Generation B. the Lost Generation C. the Babybooming Age D. the Jazz Age 37. inside her little lyrics Dickinson addresses those issues that refer ______, which include religion, death, immorality, love and nature. A. the whole human beings B. the frontiers C. the African Americans D. her relatives 38. H. L. Mencken, a famous American critic, considered ______ the true father of our national literature. A. Hamlin Garland B.Joseph Kirkland C. Mark Twain D. Henry James 39. In his poetry, Whitman shows concern for ______ and the burgeoning life of cities. A. the colonists B. the capitalists C. the whole hard -working people D. the intellectuals 40. In 1837, ______ published Twice Told Tales, a collection of go around stories which attracted critical attention. A. Emerson B. Melville C. Whitman D. Hawthorne 21. The work ________ by William Blake is a lovely volume of poems, presenting a happy world, though not without its evils and sufferings. A. Songs of Innocence B. Songs of Experience C. Poetical Sketches D. Lyrical Ballads 22.The plays known as the rightfulnessrence trilogy are all the following tho ________. A. A Collier s Friday Night B. Lady Chatterley s Lover C. The Daughter in Law D. The Widowing of Mrs. Holroyed 23. Greatly and permanently affected by the ________ experiences, Hemingway formed his own writing style, together with his theme and hero. A. mining B. farming C. war D. sailing 24. The dignity of movement of an iceberg is due to only one -eighth of it being above water. This iceberg analogy about prose style was put forward by ________. A. William Faulkner B. Henry James C. Ernest Hemingway D. FScot t Fitzgerald.25. In Go Down, Moses, ________ illuminates the problem of black and white in Southern society as a close- knit destiny of blood brotherhood. A. William Faulkner B. Jack London C. Herman Melville D. Nathaniel Hawthorne 26. In Death in the good afternoon ________ presents his philosophy about life and death through the depiction of the bullfight as a harming of microcosmic tragedy. A. William Faulkner B. Jack London C. Ernest Hemingway D. Mark Twain 27. William Faulkner once said that ________ is a story of incapacitated innocence, which proves itself to be an intensification of the theme of imprisonment in the past.A. The Great Gatsby B. The Sound and the Fury C. Absalom, Absalom D. Go Down, Moses 28. Walt Whitman believed, by mover of ________, he has turned poetry into an open field, an area of vital possibility where the reader can lay off his own imagination to play. A. free verse B. strict verse C. regular rhymed D. standardized rhyming 29. Herman Melvilles se cond famous work, ________, was not published until 1924, 33 years after his death. A. Pierre B. Redburn C. Moby-Dick D. billy goat Budd 30. In 1920, ________ published his first novel This Side of Paradise which was, to some extent, his own story. A.FScott Fitzgerald B. Ernest Hemingway C. William Faulkner D. Emily Dickinson 31. foreign his contemporaries in the early 20th century, ________ did not break up with the poetic tradition nor make any experiment on form. A. Walt Whitman B. Robert Frost C. Ezra Pound D. T. S. Eliot 32. While Mark Twain seemed to have paying more attention to the life of the Americans, ________ had apparently laid a greater emphasis on the inner world of man. A. William Howells B. Henry James C. Bret Harte D. Hamlin Garland 33. At the age of eighty -seven, ________ read his poetry at the inauguration of President John F.Kennedy in 1961. A. Robert Frost B. Walt Whitman C. Ezra Pound D. T. S. Eliot 34. Of all Herman Melvilles sea punt stories, ________ pr oves to be the best. A. Typee B. Redburn C. Moby DickD. Omoo 35. Man is a victim of forces over which he has no control. This is a notion held strongly by ________. A. Robert Frost B. Theodore Dreiser C. Henry James D. Hamlin Garland 36. With the publication of ________, Theodore Dreiser was launching himself upon a long career that would ultimately make him one of the most significant American writers of the school later known as literary naturalism.A. Sister Carrie B. The Titan C. An American Tragedy D. The Stoic 37. Nathaniel Hawthorne was affected by ________s transcendentalist speculation and struck up a very intimate relationship with him. A. H. W. Longfellow B. Walt Whitman C. R. W. Emerson D. Washington Irving 38. Among the following writers ________ is generally regarded as the forerunner of the 20th -century stream of consciousness novels and the founder of psychological realism. A. T. S. Eliot B.James Joyce C. William Faulkner D. Henry James 39. Walt Whitman wrote defeat a great many poems to air his sorrow for the death of President ______, and one of the famous is When Lilacs coating in the Dooryard Bloom d. A. Washington B. Lincoln C. Franklin D. Kennedy 40. The Marble Faun by Nathaniel Hawthorne, a romance set in______, is touch on about the dark aberrations of the human spirit. A. France B. Spain C. England D. Italy pic pic pic pic pic pic